Fyodor Dostoyevsky Mykhaylovych (born November 11 (according to the
Old Style calendar: October 30), 1821 - died February 9 (according to
the Old Style calendar: January 29) in 1881 AD). Russ was a famous and
influential writer. A unique feature of the psychoanalytic and
psychological aspects of the characters. Surrealist manifesto based on
Dostoevsky's writings offered.
Most of his stories, his character as a people person, sin-ridden
patient and psychosis. First, for a living to pay for the translation,
and the works of Balzac and the Grande Eugene Don Carlos of Schiller
Different names in various ways in Farsi translators author wrote:
"Dostoyevsky", "Dostoevsky" and "Dostoevsky" the latter seems closer to
the pronunciation of his name in English and Persian incorporated in
the same manner. Xerxes, the Dostoyevsky biography Deyhimi translation
by Edward Hallett Carr called him the "Dostoevsky" Vrdhast. His name is
also translated texts as forms of "Fyodor" and "Fyodor" provided.
Fyodor Dostoevsky family Mykhaylovych second child was born on October
30, 1821. His father was a physician and her mother had immigrated from
Ukraine to Moscow, a Moscow merchant. At ten years old, his parents
bought a farm in a small suburb of Tula near Moscow, which then spent
the summer in this location.
In 1834, along with his brother were sent to boarding school and stayed
there for three years. His mother died at the age of fifteen. In the
same year at the St. Petersburg Military Engineering entrance exams
successfully passed the College in January 1838. In summer 1839 he came
to his father's death.
He graduated from the Military Academy in 1843 with a degree and a
career officer in the Department of Engineering won the war. Paternal
inheritance until the summer of 1844 by virtue of Vlkhrjyhay completed.
Eugene Grande translation of Balzac and the same year he resigned from
In the winter of 1844-1845 novella poor people who wrote the great
Russian writers, thereby making the rounds and earned fame. Two years
later Twin tales, Mr. and Mrs. Prvkharchyn landlord wrote.
Was arrested by the secret police in 1849 on charges of subversion. He
demanded that the military court sentenced to death on December 19, and
then served four years in prison and commute in simple uniform change.
Seizures in exile and in prison until the end of his life, was caught
it would occur. Came out of prison on February 15, 1854 Costume
soldiers over the course of the next sentence. Serving as the Seventh
Infantry Battalion Yield was sent to Siberia.
On February 6, 1857, after two years of desperate love with "Maria
Dymytryvna" widow married a customs officer. In the spring of 1859 he
was admitted to resign from the army and was able to move near Moscow.
Mvjan sleep and wrote two stories published Ashpyanchykvv village.
Alexander II sent a petition is hereby allowed to go to St. Petersburg.
His brother had been published in journals - "Vremya" - began his
journalism. From June to August 1862 he traveled to Europe. Shameful
episode in the story called "Vremya" as published. In the month of June
1863 "Vremya" was closed. Part of the summer and autumn of 1863 he spent
with his beloved in Europe. On 10 July 1864, "Mikhail Dostoyevsky's"
eldest brother died. Dymytryvna Maria died on 16 April 1864. Between 64
to 1,862 books published memoir House to the dead and hurt.
Crime and Punishment in 1866 and in October of the same year he wrote
his novel The Gambler wrote it in 26 days with Tndnvysy "Anna
Grygvryvna" Done. On February 15, 1867 by Anna married in April of that
year he traveled to Europe with his wife and returned to Russia in the
summer of 1871. The trip repeatedly lost their money in the casinos.
First year and second year traveling in Italy and in Switzerland the
last two years he spent in Dresden.
In February 1868, her daughter "Sophia" was born more than three months
left to live. Write a fool in Florence in January 1869 and completed in
the fall of that year in Dresden husband ever wrote. In September 1869
his second daughter named "Lioubov" was born.
Zhvybh Jnzdgan finished writing in 1871. In the summer of that year,
his son called "Fdya" was born. Beginning in 1873 the editor of the
magazine "Grazh Danyn" and continues until March of next year. Raw
young 75-1874 wrote that during the winter 1875 issue of the journal
"Avtchstyh Zabysky" was published.
"Lyvsha" last child was born in August 1875 at the age of three, died
in the attack of epilepsy. 77-1876 author logbooks during the same name
published in the newspaper. The Brothers Karamazov 79-1880 gradually
during the "Rusk Vestnyk" was released. The three-day celebration
commemorating Pushkin speech at the pinnacle of glory in his lifetime
and he died of lung bleeding in early February 1881.
- Poor (1846)
- Twin (1846)
- Mr. Prvkharchyn (1846)
- Mrs. Landlord (1847)
- Nazkdl (1848)
- White Nights (1848)
- Thief character (1848)
- Christmas tree and Marriage (1848)
- Pvlzvnkvf (1848)
- Statements Tvchka (1849)
- Sleep Mvjan (1859)
- Village Astpanchykvv (1859)
- Irritation and contempt for men (1861)
- Diary of the Dead House (1862)
- A gruesome tales (Shamelessly story) (1862)
- Notes from the Underground (1864)
- Crocodile (1865)
- Crime and Punishment (1866)
- Gambler (1867)
- Idiot (1869)
- Always Husband (1870)
- Jen victims (those captured) (1872)
- Bvbvk (1873)
- Raw Youth (1875)
- Cheri (1876)
- Mary Farmer (1876)
- Dream of Ridiculous Man (1877)
- The Brothers Karamazov (1881)
- Rhetoric Pushkin
- Diary of a writer